Conventional Name: Republica Argentina (Argentine Republic)
Short Name: Argentina
Surface: 3.761.274 kms2 which are divided into continental area (2,8 million km2) and Antarctic area (about 1 million km2).
Population: 40.000.000 (97% Caucasian)
Capital City: Buenos Aires –the third largest city of Latin America after Mexico DF and Sao Paulo (Brazil).
Local Hour: (- 3 hours GMT)
Electricity Power : Alternative power of 220 volts / 50 cycles. Lamp fittings are of the screw type. Plug fittings in older buildings are of the 2-pin round type, but new buildings use 3-pin flat type.
Languaje: Spanish is the official language, though the Argentineans speak a kind of dialect. English, French and Italian are well known in big cities population.
Religion: Roman Catholic is the official religion, although there is a complete religion freedom (such as Protestant, Jewish, Greek Orthodox, Rusian Orthodox, Moslem, among others).
Argentina posseses one of the biggest Jewish Communities all around the world.
Government: Argentina is a federal republic with democratically elected national and provincial governments ruled by the National Constitution, the oldest in Latin America. Politically, the nation is organized into 23 provinces (states) and the autonomous City of Buenos Aires (The Federal District). Argentina is a founding member of the United Nations.
Currency: Our national currency is the "Peso Argentino". There are 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 pesos bills. The coins are called “centavos” (cents) being 1 peso equal to 100 cents.
Economy: As regards the economy of the country given by the varied geomorphology offers important natural resources, in what concerns cereals (wheat, maize, sorghum, soya, barley) sunflowers, peanuts, fruits, vegetables, sugar canes, rice, tea, mate, wine, cotton, and also cattle and sheep. Moreover, the three hundred species of fish and shellfish makes the country important in the fishing activity. Due to the efforts of Argentina inhabitants many industries are growing up constantly, especially in what iron, steel, chemicals, and food concerns.
Banking & Shopping hours: Banks are open Monday through Friday from 10:00 am to 3:00 pm. Stores are open Monday through Friday from 10:00 am to 8:00 pm and Saturday from 09:00 am to 1:00 pm. Malls are open seven days a week from 9:00 am to 10:00 pm.
Offices: From 09:00 am to 06:00 pm.
New Year's Day March 24th
Truth & Justice Memory Day April 2nd
Malvinas Islands’Day Friday before Easter
Holy Friday May 1st
Labor Day May 25th
Commemoration of First Government June 20th
National Flag Day July 9th
Independence Day August 17th Anniversary of St. Martin's death October 12th
Columbus Day Day November 20th
National sovereignty Day December 8th
Immaculate Conception December 25th
Geography: Argentina is the 8th largest country in the world, covering a wide variety of climates and scenery. It is important to mention the big contrast offered by the immense eastern plains, and the imposing mountain range of the Andes in the west border with Chile , where Argentina has the highest peak of South America : Mount Aconcagua (6959mts). In its passage from Jujuy to Tierra del Fuego , the range presents important differences, given by the plateaus of the Northwest, the lake region, and the forests and glaciers of the Patagonian Andes. Average temperature in summer
(December through March) is 23C and in Winter (June through August) is 12C.
Transportation: Argentina has modern air, sea, river, overland (intercity) and urban transport (train, bus,subway, taxi) services. Ezeiza International Airport is located 35 km from Buenos Aires City Center. Domestic flights operate from Jorge Newbery airport in Central Buenos Aires. Long distance bus lines provide comfortable transportation over excellent highways and national routes.
Communication: Argentina has excellent telephone, fax, email, internet and courier services. International direct dialing can be accessed from anywhere in the country. Argentina dialing code is 54, and Buenos Aires City code is 11. Public telephones operate on phonecards and coins. “Locutorios” are stores where telephone calls can be made in prívate booths with metered calls. International calling cards are also widely available. “Cyber Cafes”(Internet Cafes) are everywhere you look.
Food & Beverage: Beef and fine wines have made Argentina famous. Local specialties are varied and tasty, but international cuisine is prevalent and widely available. In restaurants and coffee shops a 10% tip is customary for service.
Culture: Cinema, Theatre, Fine Arts, Music and Literature are present with outstanding representatives. The Colon Theatre (Opera House) is one of the best of its kind in the world. Fashion is quite important as well and the Argentineans are very “fashion-oriented” people. Every week you will find Fashion Parades all over the country.
Sports: One of the great Argentine passions is soccer (futbol in local language), with 17 stadiums in Buenos Aires City and many others in every province. The Polo game has reached international status owing to the skill of its players, who Rank amongst the best in the world. Tennis, rugby, field hockey, paddle tennis and golf are hugely popular.
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