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Basic Stats

Conventional Name: Republica Bolivariana de Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela)

Short Name: Venezuela

Surface: 912. 050 kms2 which are divided between the continental area  and  70 islands.

Population: 29.350.000. The Venezuelan people comprise a combination of European, indigenous, and African heritages.67% of the Population are “mestizos”.


Capital City: Caracas. Caracas is quite unknown to many people, but it is a cosmopolitan city located in a beautiful mountain valley at an altitude of about 900 m (3000 ft) above sea level.

Local Hour: (- 4:30 hours GMT)

Electricity Power: Venezuela uses a 60 Hz and 120 V power system. The power plugs are identical to those used in North America (referred to as A and B type power plugs)..

Language: Spanish is the official language of Venezuela, accompanied by numerous indigenous dialects (usually never heard except in the Amazon region).

Religion: Venezuela, like most South American nations, is a predominantly Catholic nation.
According to government estimates, 92 percent of the population is at least nominally Roman Catholic.
There are small but influential Muslim communities.The Muslim community of more than 100,000 is concentrated among persons of Lebanese and Syrian descent living in Nueva Esparta State, Punto Fijo and the Caracas area.
Venezuela is also notable for its significant syncretic religious traditions, most notably those revolving around the figures of Maria Lionza and Jose Gregorio Hernandez.

Government: Venezuela is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capita District (covering Caracas), and Federal Dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands.

Currency: Our national currency is the new “Bolivar Fuerte” (Strong Bolivar) which replaced the ancient “Bolivar”. It is subdivided into 100 céntimos. Banknotes are in denominations of 2, 5, 10, 20, 50 and 100 bolívares.

Economy: Venezuela has a mixed economy dominated by the petroleum sector, which accounts for roughly a third of GDP, around 80% of exports and more than half of government revenues. Venezuela has the least expensive petrol in the world because the consumer price of petrol is so heavily subsidized. Since the discovery of oil in the early 20th century, Venezuela has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil, and it is a founder member of OPEC.

Banking & Shopping hours: Banks are open Monday through Friday from 08:30 am to 3:30 pm. Stores are open Monday through Saturday from 09:30 am to 7:00 pm. Malls are open seven days a week from 11:00 am to 10:00 pm.

Offices: Most offices make a break at noon and work from 08:00 am to 12:00 pm and then from 2:00 to 5:00 pm.

National Holidays:

New Year, January 1st
Epiphany, January 6th.
Carnival, February
Holly Week
St Joseph’s Day, march 19th
Beginning of the Independence Movement, April 19th
Labor Day, May st
Battle of Carabobo, June 24
Independence Day, July 5
Birth of Simon Bolivar, July 24th
Flag Day, August 3rd
Day of Indigenous Resistance, October 12 th
All Saints Day, November 1st
Immaculate Conception, December 8th
Christmas Eve, December 24th
New Year’s Eve, December 31st


Geography: Shaped roughly like an inverted triangle, the country has a 2,800 kilometres (1,700 mi) coastline in the north, which includes numerous islands in the Caribbean Sea, and in the north east borders the northern Atlantic Ocean. Most observers describe Venezuela in terms of four fairly well-defined topographical regions: the Maracaibo lowlands in the northwest, the northern mountains extending in a broad east-west arc from the Colombian border along the northern Caribbean coast, the wide plains in central Venezuela, and the Guiana highlands in the southeast.
The northern mountains are the extreme northeastern extensions of South America's Andes mountain range reach. Pico Bolívar, the nation's highest point at 4,979 metres (16,335 ft), lies in this region. To the south, the dissected Guiana Highlands contains the northern fringes of the Amazon Basin and Angel Falls, the world's highest waterfall as well as tepuis, large table-like mountains. The country's center is characterized by the llanos, which are extensive plains that stretch from the Colombian border in the far west to the Orinoco River delta in the east. The Orinoco, with its rich alluvial soils, binds the largest and most important river system of the country; it originates in one of the largest watersheds in Latin America.

Transportation: Venezuela is connected to the world primarily via air (Venezuela's airports include the Simón Bolívar International Airport near Caracas and La Chinita International Airport near Maracaibo) and sea (with major sea ports at La Guaira, Maracaibo and Puerto Cabello). Venezuela has a limited national railway system, which has no active rail connections to other countries;
Several major cities have metro systems; the Caracas Metro has been operating since 1983. The Maracaibo Metro and Valencia Metro were opened more recently. Venezuela has a road network of around 100,000 km (placing it around 47th in the world] around a third of roads are paved.

Communication:  Venezuela  has good  telephone, fax, email, internet and courier services. Venezuela  dialing code is 58. Public telephones operate on phonecards and coins. “Locutorios” are stores where telephone calls can be made in prívate booths with metered calls. International calling cards are also widely available. “Cyber Cafes”(Internet Cafes) are everywhere you look.

Food & Beverage:  Arepas, thick corn tortillas which are split and stuffed with myriad fillings, are the quintessential Venezuelan dish. The most famous variations are the "reina pepiada" (shredded chicken salad with avocado) and “domino” (stuffed with black beans and shredded white cheese). Hallacas (Venezuela's homegrown version of the tamale, with meat, olives, raisins covered in cornmeal and wrapped in plantain leaves to be steamed) are a popular Christmas dish. Cachapas (corn pancakes often topped with a salty cheese called "telita" or "queso de mano"), empanadas (savory pastries) and the ubiquitous "perros calientes" (hot dogs) are popular street food. For slow food, try delicious fish meals, or a shrimp soup known as “cazuela de mariscos”.
The traditional Venezuelan lunch is pabellón, and consists of rice, black beans, and meat, with a side of fried plantain slices. The above dishes are known as "comida criolla", or Creole food.

Culture: Probably the most outstanding on Venezuela’s Culture is its music. The music of Venezuela originated after the country won its independence from the Spaniards. The music of Venezuela was the product of intermingling of the African, Spanish and native music. Gaita is one of the important traditional music of the country which is mainly performed during the festival seasons. Joropo is the national dance of Venezuela. Salsa is one of the most popular dance forms in this country. Folk music of Venezuela also forms an important part of Venezuela Culture.

Sports: Unlike the rest of their SouthAmerican neighbours, The major sport in Venezuela is baseball, THEN following by  Soccer. Baseball in Venezuela originates with the early twentieth century cultural influence of United States oil companies. The Venezuelan Professional Baseball League was established in 1945. Soccer in Venezuela lags behind baseball, but its popularity in recent years has grown

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